E-guided tours start up research


This paper studies the new trends in tour guiding.
Technology will make a great change in guided tours, a
change which is critical for guiding and led to the rise of
new trends in guiding. Tour guides must develop themselves
and be in line with new trends that affect their career. The
new trends are represented in the electronic museum guide.
Another trend in museum guiding is virtual reality;
technology can provide good knowledge and information
about exhibitions. Robot guiding also is a new trend in
museums to give certain information to tourists. Guiding
“tourist with disabilities” is another new trend in which tour
guides still need to be trained and equipped to help tourists
with disabilities. Some examples of how to apply these
trends in Egypt are referred to as a virtual reality model of
Tutankhamun collection and enhancing guiding through the
robot, an example of Alexandria national museum.
Introduction; Technology versus the guide
The revolution of technology and Internet reshaped the tourism industry in general
and especially tour guiding, this created a wide range of opportunities as well as
threats for stakeholders in tourism industry,

 including tour guides. Digital media is a
very important tool through which the tourists can gain information; which facilitate
communication and relationships between various sectors of the tourism industry, and
this influences tourist behaviors and add to their experiences (Weiler and Black
2015b, 369).
Advances in information technology over the last 20 years have also brought great
transformation and benefits to the tourism industry. From the tourists own point of
view, in the past years, the use of such user-friendly applications for smartphones,
tablets and MP3 players was a very important shift in the tourism experience
presented to them. The web-based service introduced by those devices made a shift in
the communication and added many to the visit experience for the tourist. The future
tourists widely make use of these new tools, so they seek different experiences in
their tours. This leads to the growth of such new trends depending on digital
Electronic museum
guide; Virtual museum;
Robot guiding; tourist
with disabilities.
Vol. 19, No. 3,
Haitham T. Sotohy (JAAUTH), Vol. 19 No. 3, (2020), pp. 35-47.

 | P a g e
technology, and changed the profile of the tourist, the desire for more thorough
experience, and raises their expectations from the guided tour. These new trends were
highlighted by academics and guided tour experts as being critical for the future of
tour guiding (Kang and Gretzel 2012; Weiler and Black 2015b, 369-371).
Tour guides must re-invent themselves to face the competition with technological and
socio-demographic trends, which are threatening the value and importance of guided
tours, and the career of tour guiding in general in the 21st century. Today the classical
tour is not the aim of the modern tourist, new tourist trends are education, experience
and entertainment. The change in the attitudes of the tourists directs the tour managers
toward interpretative tour guiding, a style of guiding which is an effective and
interesting educational tool. This of course needs a new attitude of guides training
stressing the importance of interpretation (Yenipinar 2016, 74)
Academics launched a very important question: Can technology substitute what tour
guides previously provided? For example, some applications for smartphones can
provide information, commentary, and interpretation through digitized guidebooks,
will these applications substitute the guide in the future? (Yeoman, 2012).
The newly introduced applications which provide a digitized guide for tourist are not
intended to be a replacement for the human guide, just guides can interact with the
tourist and the presence of the guide with all hid experience and interaction with
tourists is irreplaceable (Smith 2013, 89)
The matter is the experience presented by the guide. The guide and not the technology
is the one could deliver an interesting and deep experience through high quality tour
guiding. This highlight the need for tour guiding to be innovative and presents a
service that make sense for the tourist and add value to the guided tour, a final target
which technology cannot reach. The point here is the interaction; tour guiding can be
interactive with both visitors and host communities, and the tour guide can present an
experience changed and even customized to visitors' needs and expectations (Weiler
and Black 2015a, 167-168).
The use of technology in future guiding:
Some services appeared concurred with the internet as information provider through
search engine. Those services via social media included Wikipedia, YouTube,
MySpace, Facebook and Twitter, a component which reshaped the tourism industry in
general, and affected in particular traditional guiding (Buhalis 2019; Pearce 2011).
In some context technology in directional and access can be considered by some
academic a substitute for the tour guide in the delivery of information and other
services like site interpretation and language translation, Zatori noted that companies
can use modern digital and web-based technologies so they eliminate the tour guide
physically. But the real role of tour guides is indeed of high importance within the
tour; and those companies which its target is the real influence which depends on the
guide’s performance (Zatori 2013, 36)
The professional guiding is providing such qualities as experience-brokering,
particularly the non-physical dimensions of brokering, that means brokering
Haitham T. Sotohy (JAAUTH), Vol. 19 No. 3, (2020), 

pp. 35-47.
37 | P a g e
understanding, and empathy. The guidebooks and electronic media for gathering
information and navigation are in another area apart from the real role of the guide,
and this could support the guide to progress from the delivery of one-way
commentary to be an experience broker, this is the reason to employ a guide in the
future (Mcgrath 2007).
With the widespread availability of the Internet, social media, mobile devices and
other digital media, the profile of the tourist is changing, becoming more diverse and
more demanding. Now it is the guides’ communicative role(s) to convey memorable
experiences to his clients (Weiler and Black 2015b, 368-369; Binkhorst and Dekker
2009; Davidson and Black 2007; Skibins et al 2012)
The tour guide depends on the experience he offers in the competition between the
guided and non-guided tours which make use of technology, the tourism operators
promote the qualifications and skills to improve the experience given by their guides
to distinguish the tour guide from their competitors.

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