A virtual reality model of Tutankhamun collection


A virtual reality model of Tutankhamun collection:
The collection of Tutankhamun is the most important artifacts came from ancient
Egypt. Since its discovery; the tomb and Tutankhamun collection gained a great fame
among the ancient Egyptian artifacts (Reeves 1995; James 2001). A large part of the
collection of more than 5000 pieces, was exhibited in Cairo Egyptian museum in El
Tahrir square. The complete collection for the first time will be on view in the Grand
Egyptian museum. The tour guide in the interpretation of the collection must link it
with its discovery place (Valley of the Kings) - and with the date of the discovery
(1922), and of course how was the tomb of Tutankhamun discovered intact, because
this was a very important event during its time, and still. The virtual reality
technology is suitable in delivering such information related to the collection
discovery. The guide who needed in the past to move in time to take his clients to the
Haitham T. Sotohy (JAAUTH), Vol. 19 No. 3, (2020), pp. 35-47.
41 | P a g e
days of the discovery, and to move in place to speak about the provenance of the
collection in the valley of the kings, simply in the future guiding can make use of a
virtual reality model in the museum showing the tomb in the valley of the kings and
give information concerning the discovery

3- Robot guiding
A new trend in museum guiding is to use robots in guiding. A new domain of
application for Human-Robot-Interaction (HRI) is the use of these robots as tour
guides. The tour guide robot is able to guide tourists in a museum, an archeological
site, or any other sites. This new experience gathers state-of-art robot technology with
robot social behavior to deliver a good explanation of a site to tourists (Karreman
2015, 317; Burgard, et al. 1999, 46).
An example of a study was executed with the fully integrated system in autonomous
mode of robot at the Royal Alcázar in Seville (Spain). The robot FROG (Fun Robotic
Outdoor Guide) combines state-of-the-art innovations in navigation, control and
vision as well as state-of-the-art human-robot interaction design to make a robotic
tour guide that engages visitors in a tour and interacts with visitors to increase the
visitor experience of the site (Karreman 2015, 318).
Other robots in the science museum in Osaka, developed by a group of specialists,
engaged in personalized interaction with visitors (Shiomi et al 2006). Other robots
were equipped with guiding behaviors to guide visitors to several exhibits and present
information about exhibits (Karreman 2016, 318)

Many robots were used in another way to give certain information for tourists in
museums; at the Museum of the Great War in Meaux France; robots are used to give a
look at German and French dugouts of the war. Other robots like those wrer used in
American Museum of Natural History in New York, and the Mob Museum in Las
Vegas, to the Canada Science and Technology Museum in Ottawa. These museums
are using robots to make culture more accessible and democratic and attract disabled
visitors unable to make personal tours. In a new way The American Museum of
Natural History used robots linked to distant participants: indigenous people from
Haida Gwaii, an archipelago off the north coast of British Columbia, for an exhibition
to give an idea about their culture.
Robot guides are not comparable with human guides.

 Human guides often have to
interact with people who visit a tourist attraction. It is also highly challenging for
robot technology to design a robot with effective social behaviors and interacts with
groups of people (Karreman et al 2015, 318).
In fact, a human guide can’t be replaced by robot, but information provided by robot
can reach people and distant places thanks to technology. For the last years, a
consortium of six French companies has been developing a robot which looks like an
industrial vacuum cleaner topped by a screen and equipped with three computers, a
camera and a microphone, a human guide always trails at its side to operate this robot
and give a commentary while visitors use it (Carvajal 2017).

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